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The Natural World in your Garden 

Although this web site is about the birds we see in our village, birds do not exist in isolation but form part of the natural world around us. On this page we explore some of the other aspects of the natural world we can see in our gardens.

For all things related to birds and wildlife a good source of information is the RSPB and other wildlife organisations identified in the Information page of this web site. This current page provides downloadable leaflets from other organisations which can be used to enrich your wildlife experience within your garden. 

Birds and your Garden

Natural England has a leaflet which looks at how birds interact with our gardens and what we can do to encourage more birds. This includes the types of food different species of birds like and their associated feeding method. It also provides ten ways to help bring more birds into your garden.

Wildlife Gardening

The Wildlife Trust produces an easy to read leaflet which describes how to get started with developing a wildlife garden and looks at the types of plants you need for a garden and/or pond to help attract wildlife.

Plants for Wildlife

The Royal Horticultural Society has produced a leaflet on the types of plants which would enhance a wildlife garden. This leaflet is aimed for children and schools and identifies groups of plants which are attractive to birds, bees and butterflies.

Nectar Rich Plants

A more detailed list of plants which are pollen and nectar rich is produced by The British Beekeeping Association, and this identifies plants by planting season and by whether they are pollen or nectar rich.


Ponds can add an extra dimension to any garden, but you might be wondering how to create one. The Environment Agency produces a handy guide which gives details on how to site and make a pond, and the plants which could attract wildlife.


Did you know that there are 9 types of Bumblebee which can be regularly seen in a British Garden? The Bumblebee Conservation Trust has produced a helpful leaflet which shows you how to distinguish between the different varieties. The leaflet also explains about the Bumblebee life-cycle and how you can attract Bumblebees into your garden.


Did you also know that there are 23 species of Ladybird which can be seen in British gardens? The Wildlife Trust has produced a leaflet with pictures of all 23 species.

Butterflies and Moths

Butterflies always add a touch of glamour to any garden. Butterfly Conservation have produced a leaflet [1] which helps you identify the 13 most common species of Butterfly which you are likely to see in a garden. The leaflet also gives tips for how to encourage butterflies into your garden through creating wildlife havens.

There are also a surprisingly large number of moths which can be seen flying during the daytime, in addition to the butterflies. Butterfly Conservation has produced a leaflet [2] which gives a guide to the moths you can see during the day with excellent photographs to aid identification.

Of course, although Butterflies/Moths can be undeniably beautiful it has to be said that the caterpillars which come before them can be equally exotic, unless you are a vegetable grower in which case some other forms of words might be used. Nevertheless, knowing what caterpillars look like can greatly increase enjoyment when looking at them, and more to the point they do not fly away when you get close. Butterfly Conservation has produced a leaflet [3] which provides a handy identification for determining the species of caterpillar that you can see in a garden.


There are a number of different species of mammals which can come into our gardens. Mammals such as foxes can be seen during the day, but others such as badgers, hedgehogs and bats are often night time visitors. Natural England has produced a leaflet which describes the different mammals which could be seen in our gardens. The leaflet also provides useful advice for identification of potential confusing species such as stoats and weasels.


One way we can encourage more wildlife into our gardens is to provide homes for them. Bird boxes are reasonably simple to make and, for example, the RSPCA has produced a leaflet [1] showing how to construct a home for the smaller birds such as Blue Tit or Great Tit.

The Wildlife Trust also provides a leaflet [2] for the construction of bird boxes.

Of course it is not just birds we can encourage into the garden, building a Hedgehog house is a good way to encourage Hedgehogs into your garden. The British Hedgehog Preservation Society produces a leaflet [3] on homes for hedgehogs which details how a Hedgehog home can be constructed. It even defines the different forms of Hedgehog home based on their Council Tax Band !

Bats are another mammal we can help to have a home in the garden. The Bat Conservation Trust produces a leaflet [4] on how to provide a Bat habitat in your garden, which include details of how to construct a Bat Box.

The views and opinions expressed in the leaflets identified by this web site are solely those of the original authors and the organisations supporting/originating those documents. These views and opinions do not necessarily represent those of the Colwall Bird Survey, and/or any contributors to this site. 

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